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MarkTwain.LOC

Samuel Langhorne Clemens, or more commonly known by his pen name, Mark Twain, is an american writer. His most famous piece of writing is The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer.

BiographyEdit

Sam was born on Nov. 30, 1885, in a small town in Florida, Missouri. His two parents, John Clemens and Jane Clemens had just had there sixth child. About four years after his birth, in 1839, the Clemens family moved 35 miles east to the town of Hannibal. A growing port city that lie along the banks of the Mississippi, Hannibal was a frequent stop for steam boats arriving by both day and night from St. Louis and New Orleans.

Samuel's father was a judge, and he built a two-story frame house at 206 Hill Street in 1844. As a youngster, Samuel was kept indoors because of poor health. However, by age nine, he seemed to recover from his ailments and joined the rest of the town's children outside. He then attended a private school in Hannibal.[1]

Grant clemens

For years, Samuel had written short, funny stories and tall tales about life in America. He had even published a few. But about 1857, on a trip down the Mississippi, he abandoned his writing to pursue a lifelong dream -- becoming a riverboat pilot. After 18 months of hard work, he earned his pilot's license. Altogether, Twain spent four years steaming up and down the Mississippi.

In 1865 Twain published "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County," a humorous tale that earned him national attention. He followed it with Innocents Abroad, his first best-selling book, in 1869. It told the story of a trip he'd taken to Europe and the Middle East.

Twain married a woman named Olivia Langdon in 1870. At their home in Hartford, Connecticut, Twain wrote the novels that made him an American treasure. Among these were Roughing It (1872), Tom Sawyer (1876), and Huckleberry Finn (1884). The books sold well, but Twain struggled financially. A poor businessman, he invested much of his earnings in worthless inventions, and was often in debt. But his relationship with Ulysses S. Grant helped Twain bring in some desperately needed cash.

Charles L. Webster & Company, a publisher co-owned by Twain and his niece's husband, published Grant's Memoirs in 1885, shortly after Grant's death. Twain sent salesmen all over the country to sell the work, which was offered as a two-volume set with a choice of three bindings. Many of the salesmen were Civil War veterans. They wore their army uniforms to create sympathy for Grant, who had died just days after finishing his manuscript.

Grant's memoirs won critical acclaim, and about 300,000 sets were sold. His widow Julia received over $400,000 in royalties from the project. Twain made as much as $100,000, but continued to struggle. Webster & Company went bankrupt. Twain was forced to write and lecture to pay off his debts, which he finally succeeded in doing. The deaths of his wife and two daughters contributed to the deep sadness that Twain experienced in his later years. He died in Redding, Connecticut, in 1910, with his autobiography unfinished.[2]

BooksEdit

Sam produced a lot of books in his lifetime. Here is an entire list of all of them.[3]

Titles in Fiction/Novel CategoryEdit

  • 1601 humorous work
  • Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, The
  • Adventures of Tom Sawyer, The
  • American Claimant, The
  • Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court, A A novel
  • Gilded Age, The A novel written by Charles Dudley Warner and Mark Twain
  • Horse's Tale, A A short novel
  • Innocents Abroad, The A novel
  • Mysterious Stranger, The A novella
  • Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc A historical novel
  • Prince and The Pauper, The A novel
  • Roughing It
  • Some Rambling Notes Of An Idle Excursion
  • Those Extraordinary Twins A novel/comedy
  • Tom Sawyer Abroad A novel
  • Tom Sawyer, Detective
  • Tragedy of Pudd'nhead Wilson, The A novel, satire
  • Tramp Abroad, A A novel (traveling)

Titles in Short Story CategoryEdit

  • "After" Jenkins
  • "Party Cries" In Ireland
  • $30,000 Bequest, The
  • About Barbers
  • About Magnanimous-Incident Literature
  • About Play-Acting
  • Advice to Little Girls
  • After-Dinner Speech
  • Amended Obituaries
  • Answers To Correspondents
  • At The Appetite-Cure
  • Aurelia's Unfortunate Young Man
  • Boons of Life
  • Burlesque Biography, A
  • Californian's Tale, The
  • Cannibalism In The Cars
  • Canvasser's Tale, The
  • Capitoline Venus, The
  • Captain Stormfield
  • Captain Stormfield's Visit to Heaven
  • Captain's Story, The
  • Carnival of Crime in Connecticut, The A humorous American short story
  • Case Of George Fisher, The
  • Christian Science and the book of Mrs. Eddy
  • Concerning Chambermaids
  • Concerning The American Language
  • Concerning The Jews
  • Cure for the Blues, A
  • Curing A Cold
  • Curious Dream, The
  • Curious Pleasure Excursion, A
  • Danger of Lying in Bed, The
  • Diplomatic Pay and clothes
  • Disgraceful Persecution Of A Boy
  • Does the Race of Man Love a Lord?
  • Dog's Tale, A
  • Double Barrelled Detective Story
  • Edward Mills and George Benton: A Tale, by Mark Twain.
  • Enemy Conquered; or, Love Triumphant, The
  • English as She is Taught
  • Entertaining Article, An
  • Esquimaux Maiden's Romance, The
  • Eve's Diary
  • Experience Of The McWilliamses With Membranous Croup
  • Extracts from Adam's Diary
  • Fable, A
  • Facts Concerning The Recent Resignation, The
  • Facts In The Case Of The Great Beef Contract, The
  • Fashion Item, A
  • Fine Old Man, A
  • First Interview With Artemus Ward
  • First Writing-machines, The
  • From The 'London Times' of 1904
  • General Washington's Negro Body-Servant
  • Ghost Story, A
  • Great Revolution In Pitcairn, The
  • Helpless Situation, A
  • History Repeats Itself
  • Honored As A Curiosity
  • How I Edited An Agricultural Paper, The
  • How The Author Was Sold In Newark
  • How To Tell A Story
  • Humane Word from Satan, A
  • Hunting The Deceitful Turkey
  • In Memoriam - Olivia Susan Clemens
  • Information Wanted
  • Introduction to "The New Guide of the Conversation in Portuguese and English"
  • Is He living or is He dead?
  • Italian with Grammar
  • Italian without a Master
  • John Chinaman In New York
  • Johnny Greer
  • Journalism In Tennessee
  • Judge's "Spirited Woman", The
  • Jumping Frog, The
  • Killing of Julius Caesar "Localized", The
  • Late Benjamin Franklin, The
  • Legend Of Sagenfeld, In Germany
  • Letter to the Secretary of the Treasury, A
  • Lionizing Murderers
  • Loves Of Alonzo Fitz Clarence And Rosannah Ethelton, The
  • Luck
  • Man that corrupted Hadleyburg, The
  • McWilliamses And The Burglar Alarm, The
  • Medieval Romance, A
  • Monument to Adam
  • Mr. Bloke's Item
  • My Bloody Massacre
  • My Boyhood Dreams
  • My Debut as a Literary Person
  • My First Lie, and how
  • My First Literary Venture
  • My Late Senatorial Secretaryship
  • My Watch
  • Mysterious Visit, A
  • New Crime, A
  • Niagara
  • Office Bore, The
  • Paris Notes
  • Petition Concerning Copyright
  • Petrified Man, The
  • Political Economy
  • Portrait of King William III
  • Post-mortem Poetry
  • Punch, Brothers, Punch
  • Riley-Newspaper Correspondent
  • Rogers
  • Running For Governor
  • Science vs Luck, The
  • Scriptural Panoramist, The
  • Siamese Twins, The
  • Some Learned Fables, For Good Old Boys And Girls
  • Speech At The Scottish Banquet In London
  • Speech On Accident Insurance
  • Speech On The Babies
  • Speech On The Weather
  • Stolen White Elephant, The
  • Story Of The Bad Little Boy, The
  • Story Of The Good Little Boy
  • Switzerland, the Cradle of Liberty
  • Telephonic Conversation, A
  • To Raise Poultry
  • To the Above Old People
  • Travelling with a Reformer
  • True Story, The
  • Undertaker's Chat, The
  • Was It Heaven? Or Hell?
  • Widow's Protest, The
  • Wit Inspirations Of The "Two-Year-Olds"

Titles in Non-fiction CategoryEdit

  • Chapters from My Autobiography
  • Christian Science
  • Curious Republic Of Gondour And Other Whimsical Sketches
  • Following the Equator
  • Goldsmiths Friend Abroad Again
  • Letters of Mark Twain (complete), The
  • Life on the Mississippi

Titles in Play CategoryEdit

  • Encounter With An Interviewer, An An one-act short play

Titles in Essay CategoryEdit

  • As Concerns Interpreting
  • At the Shrine of St. Wagner
  • Bee, The
  • Concerning Tobacco
  • Death of Jean, The
  • Essays on Paul Bourget
  • Fenimore Cooper's Literary Offences
  • How to Make History Dates Stick
  • In Defense of Harriet Shelley
  • Is Shakespeare Dead?
  • Memorable Assassination, The
  • On the Decay of the Art of Lying
  • Scrap of Curious History, A
  • Simplified Alphabet, A
  • Taming the Bicycle
  • Turning-Point of My Life, The
  • What Is Man?
  • William Dean Howells

Titles in Poem CategoryEdit

  • Those Annual Bills

ReferencesEdit

  1. http://www.cmgww.com/historic/twain/about/bio.htm
  2. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/biography/grant-clemens/
  3. http://www.readbookonline.net/books/Twain/2/#Fiction/Novel